The spear of Akhilleus, the great hero of the Trojan War, was crafted by the centaur Kheiron for his father Peleus from an ash growing on Mount Pelion. The tree is prized for its wood. with love) The fact that Crocus, a mere mortal, became disenchanted with his love for Similax, enraged the gods, who turned him into a flower, Smilax, who did not escape the wrath of the gods, was given a similar fate and was  transformed into bindweed. Sacred to : Asklepios (god of medicine) ; Hekate (goddess of witchcraft) Herakles was sent to fetch Kerberos forth from the underworld as one of his twelve labours. Travellers and sailors also used it to transport fire. Description : A creeping vine which flowers in autumn and whose black berries ripen in late winter. IOLANTHE: Greek name, apparently coined by Gilbert and Sullivan for their play of the same name first produced in London on November 25, 1882. In mythology, Eros’s (Cupid), arrow, accidentally hit the violet, turning the flower’s juice into an erotic love portion. Myth 1 : Thyrsos of Dionysos. Adonis was a handsome youth loved by the goddess Aphrodite. Ashamed, Arachne hanged herself, on seeing this, Athena, declared, ‘Live on then and yet hang, condemned one, but, lest you are careless in the future, this same condition is declared, in punishment, against your descendants, to the last generation!’ and sprinkled her with Hecate’s poison. Sacred to : the Gods (dried everlastings were used to decorate the temples of the gods), Greek : Narthêx The name Aster comes from the ancient Greek word ἀστήρ (astḗr), meaning “star”. The thyrsos of Dionysos was a fir- (or pine) cone tipped staff. Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Kyparissos. The larkspur flower sprang from his blood, its petals inscribed with the "ai" of his name. Sacred to : Dionysos (god of wine and viticulture) (Source: Hesiod), Greek : Kyparissos The lettuce was therefore regarded as the plant of the death of love, and so of impotency. Mythology : Death of Adonis. Iris was also know to be the messenger of Zeus and Hera. 27. At the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, Eris the goddess of strife, cast a golden apple addressed to the fairest amongst the goddesses. In one tale, the peonies take their name from the Greek word Paeon, The name “Paeon” was also used in a general sense to refer to anyone who could save people from evil or calamity or had the power to deliver men from the sorrow and pains of living. The beautiful-princess Atalanta was reluctant to wed, and insisted that her suitors best her in a race. Polyidos was a seer summoned to the court of King Minos of Krete to find his missing son Glaukos. Mythology : Fire of Prometheus. Hyacinth – a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, (This Greek myth is the same as the crocus myth, only the characters differ.). Chloris (Flora) Roman fresco Pompeii – 1st Century A.D. Chloris summoned her friends, Aphrodite (Venus), goddess of love, and Dionysus, the god of wine to assist her. She was said to have been the first to devise magical herbal potions, and used these magical concoctions to transform men into beasts, including the comrades of Odysseus, the Italian youth Pikos, and the nymph Skylla. Mythology : Hamadryas Kraneia. Description : A perennial spring-flowering bulb with delicate blood-red flowers. Daphne was an Arkadian Nymphe loved by the god Apollon. Desolate, Clytie stripped off her clothes and sat naked on a rock, without food or drink, for nine days, watching Helios as he pulled the sun across the sky. Here are five more of the most evocative flower name origins – some you probably know, others may surprise you… 1. wondered what some of the famous plants of myth looked like? How could Asclepius, god of medicine and healing, be outsmarted by his pupil? And many of our flower names today stem directly from particular legends. A Truly Complete List of Flower Names and Their Meanings. The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, iris, lily and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. (Source: Hesiod, Apollodorus, et al) Myth 2 : Poison of Medea. Others suggest the name carnation comes from the word corone (flower garlands) or coronation as carnations were used prolifically in Greek ceremonial crowns. After some deliberation, the Greeks decided Ulysses should have them, Ajax in fit of rage, took up his sword and committed suicide, resulting in his blood pouring onto the ground. The Gigantes were monstrous sons of Gaia the earth who once made war on the gods of Olympos. (Source: Homeric Hymns), Theoi Project Copyright © 2000 - 2011, Aaron Atsma. One of the Titanes who fled from Zeus and was transformed by his mother Gaia into a fig-tree. Melampus, soothsayer and healer and his brother Bias, used hellebore to cure the madness of King Proetus of Argos’s three daughters, Lysippe, Iphinoe and Iphianassa and other Greek women, whom, after being cursed by Dionysus, god of wine, lost their minds and went on the rampage through the mountains and desert of Tiryns, believing they were cows! Narcissus, though, had no time for girls; he was too taken up with himself and scorned the advances of all, including the poor nymph, Echo (who could talk the hind legs off a donkey), who was head over heels in love with him. The name Melanthios is derived from the Greek word melas, which means black and anthos, which means flower. One of the Mainas nurses of Dionysos. The Titan Kronos devoured each of his children as soon as they were born, except Zeus, who was safely hidden away by his mother Rheia. Myth 1 : Bouquet of Persephone. The plant that is now named hyacinth is not the same as the ancient Greek hyakinthos. In ancient Greece peonies were highly regarded for their medicinal properties, and were seen as a symbol of healing. As payment, Melampus and his brother Bias, amassed a third of the wealth of Argos, when they married the princesses they had cured, thus claiming their dowry. Mythology : Birth of Hera. One version, the most popular, of this Greek myth, has Crocus, a mortal, as a lover of the God Hermes. As her gift, Aphrodite gave the flower beauty, Dionysus offered  nectar to give it a sweet scent, Zephyrus, god of the West Wind, blew away the clouds, allowing the sun of Apollo, the sun god, to shine through to  help the flower bloom. Flower names Lily, Violet, Daisy, and Rose rank among the top names for girls in the US and are popular internationally as well.. The Greek's called it akoniton (without dirt) because it grows on rocky ground, and lykoktonon (wolf-slaying) because it was traditionally applied by their arrows when hunting wolves. These retain their colour after being dried. Description : Firs are mountain growing pyrmaidal-shaped conifers. with weddings), Aphrodite (assoc. Iris, for example, means ‘eye of heaven’, and is named after the Greek goddess of the rainbow, who was said to carry messages between Earth and the gods. (Sources: Pausanias, Ovid) As Hyakinthos lay dying, Apollon caused the larkspur or iris flower to spring forth from his blood, inscribing it with the Greek words "ai ai", alas, alas. It is composed of the Greek elements iole "violet" and anthos "flower." Its slow-burning pith made it an effective torch. (Source: Ovid), Also : Black hellebore, lenten rose Some sources say, Rhea, the mother of goddess’ and her daughter, Demeter, brought the poppy from her Cretan cult to Eleusis and it is almost certain that in the Cretan cult circle, opium was derived from poppies. Sacred to : Dionysos (ivy garlands were worn by celebrants of the god's orgies and ivy was used to decorate their thyrsos-staffs) (Source: various) The Greek myth about the narcissus flower involves the gods' punishment of human shortcomings.